These days, investment banking has become such a crucial need of companies. Without it, they can't progress. Even NRIs now wish to invest money in India. They however are not able to find lucrative investment opportunities. In that case, it becomes quite necessary that they can get some ample guidance. Without such guidance, their survival is not possible. Such guidance can control the investments they make. When the stock markets are so volatile, foreign investors need proper guidance to be able to proceed quickly.
Equity research is the publication by analysts of reports, notes, and emails that offer an investment recommendation on the quoted stock of a company (typically buy, sell, or hold). The recommendation is supported by an investment case, financial forecasts, and a valuation. Reports vary enormously, from short updates of a page or less to substantial documents that analyze whole industries and companies in great detail.
While fundamental analysts examine earnings, dividends, new products, research and the like, technical analysts examine what investors fear or think about those developments and whether or not investors have the wherewithal to back up their opinions; these two concepts are called psych (psychology) and supply/demand. Technicians employ many techniques, one of which is the use of charts. Using charts, technical analysts seek to identify price patterns and market trends in financial markets and attempt to exploit those patterns. Technicians use various methods and tools, the study of price charts is but one.
Technicians using charts search for archetypal price chart patterns, such as the well-known head and shoulders or double top/bottom reversal patterns, study technical indicators, moving averages, and look for forms such as lines of support, resistance, channels, and more obscure formations such as flags, pennants, balance days and cup and handle patterns.
It's important that investors don't put money in investment opportunities which don't have any futuristic value. Professionals who have great knowledge of various investment sectors and can provide with an impartial view of the market prepare these reports. These reports take so many factors into consideration, which include both the demand and supply factors and condition of the economy. Sometimes, some company fundamentals don't make it apt for investment. So, the prospective investors get a detailed idea whether the products of a company will have a future demand.
There are many techniques in technical analysis. Adherents of different techniques (for example, candlestick charting, Dow Theory, and Elliott wave theory) may ignore the other approaches, yet many traders combine elements from more than one technique. Some technical analysts use subjective judgment to decide which pattern(s) a particular instrument reflects at a given time, and what the interpretation of that pattern should be. Others employ a strictly mechanical or systematic approach to pattern identification and interpretation.
The analysts of such reports also meet the professional managers of the company to gain an insight into what the company plans to become in the long run. Any idea of the company's strategy, can aid experts in preparing detailed sector income reports. So, when any ordinary investor gets hold of the earnings previews of any company, he can get a better idea of the investment decision. When the investors have hold of company reports they can't take any wrong investment decision. Such analysts who prepare the reports are MBAs. It is better that any investor should take the services of an autonomous equity research analyst so that he does not gain a fraudulent report.
Investment banks are known to have written fraudulent equity research statements for earning profits. The investors are truly benefitted to have such information because they can trade the security accordingly. They can hold it or dispose it off. If the security does not have any future scope, the investor can do away with it. In fact, such equity analysts make frequent disclosures, which contain relevant market information. They also apply the trading history of the company to get an insight into its futures. They also use the industry information for developing such reports that aid in portfolio management.
- Equity research provided by investment banks, broker dealers, and independent researchers has an important influence on share prices.
- Research analysts are a very important constituency for the managers of quoted companies.
- Many major investment banks were accused of publishing biased research during the 1990s stock market boom to win higher-margin corporate finance business.
- Regulatory changes, starting in the United States and copied internationally after 2003, restricted contact between analysts and bankers and prevented analysts being paid on the basis of banking fees.
- Analysts are now more likely to offer unbiased opinions and to be more critical of companies.
- Company managers need to be careful to build good relationships with analysts through clear and consistent publication of information.
Being aware of these important support and resistance points should affect the way that you trade a stock. Traders should avoid placing orders at these major points, as the area around them is usually marked by a lot of volatility. If you feel confident about making a trade near a support or resistance level, it is important that you follow this simple rule: do not place orders directly at the support or resistance level. This is because in many cases, the price never actually reaches the whole number, but flirts with it instead. So if you're bullish on a stock that is moving toward an important support level, do not place the trade at the support level. Instead, place it above the support level, but within a few points. On the other hand, if you are placing stops or short selling, set up your trade price at or below the level of support.
In finance, technical analysis is a security analysis discipline for forecasting the direction of prices through the study of past market data, primarily price and volume. While fundamental analysts examine earnings, dividends, new products, research and the like, technical analysts examine what investors fear or think about those developments and whether or not investors have the where with all to back up their opinions; these two concepts are called psych (psychology) and supply/demand. Technicians employ many techniques, one of which is the use of charts. Using charts, technical analysts seek to identify price patterns and market trends in financial markets and attempt to exploit those patterns. Technicians use various methods and tools, the study of price charts is but one.
Fundamental analysis of a business involves analyzing its financial statements and health, its management and competitive advantages, and its competitors and markets. When applied to futures and forex, it focuses on the overall state of the economy, interest rates, production, earnings, and management. When analyzing a stock, futures contract, or currency using fundamental analysis there are two basic approaches one can use; bottom up analysis and top down analysis. The term is used to distinguish such analysis from other types of investment analysis, such as quantitative analysis and technical analysis.
While technical analysis focuses solely on the analysis of historical price action, fundamental analysis focuses on everything else including things such as the overall state of the economy, interest rates, production, earnings, and management. When analyzing a stock, currency or commodity using fundamental analysis there are two basic approaches one can use which are known as bottom up analysis and top down analysis. Bottom up analysis very simply means looking at the details such, as earnings if we are talking about a stock, first and then working one's way up to the larger picture by looking at things such as the industry of the company who's stock you are trading and then finally the overall economic picture. Top down analysis on the other hand means looking at the big picture things such as the economy first and then working one's way down to the details such as earnings if we are talking about a stock.
Two analytical models
When the objective of the analysis is to determine what stock to buy and at what price, there are two basic methodologies
- Fundamental analysis maintains that markets may misprice a security in the short run but that the "correct" price will eventually be reached. Profits can be made by trading the mispriced security and then waiting for the market to recognize its "mistake" and reprice the security.
- Technical analysis maintains that all information is reflected already in the stock price. Trends 'are your friend' and sentiment changes predate and predict trend changes. Investors' emotional responses to price movements lead to recognizable price chart patterns. Technical analysis does not care what the 'value' of a stock is. Their price predictions are only extrapolations from historical price patterns.
ü To understand the concept and importance fundamental analysis
ü To understand tools and techniques involved in technical analysis
ü To study technical analysis of Nifty
ü To study technical analysis of individual scripts
ü To study company analysis of IDFC and Tata Motors
ü To study equity research at VISAKA INDUSTRIES LTD
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